Islamic Republic of Iran: Flash Update – As of 12 May 2020 – Iran (Islamic Republic of)

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Highlights

• COVID-19: More than 107,000 cases have been confirmed; 6,640 people have died.

• Floods: Flooding in the last week affected 18 of 31 provinces; two people have died.

• Desert locust: Desert locust has been detected in eight of 31 provinces; control operations are underway.

• Earthquake: On 8 May, an earthquake of magnitude 5.1 hit Tehran; two people have died and 38 people have been injured.
Aftershocks are expected in the coming days.

Coronavirus COVID-19

Situation overview:

Between 5 and 10 May, 8,956 new COVID-19 cases including 363 deaths were confirmed in the Islamic Republic of
Iran. This brings the cumulative to 107,603 cases detected with 6,640 deaths. Overall, 86,143 patients have
recovered.

After 2 May, which marked the lowest daily count since 10 March, the daily count of confirmed cases has
increased daily. The Ministry of Health and Medical Education is concerned that the increase is due to people
making unnecessary travel inside and outside cities, thus spreading the disease. The Iranian Government
reopened intercity highways and major shopping centres as of 20 April to stimulate the economy.

Humanitarian impact/needs:

Reportedly, 700 pregnant women have been infected with the COVID-19 since the onset of the outbreak, 500 of
whom were hospitalized. Additionally, it was reported that 20 babies have been born with the virus. Some 240
midwives have been infected since the outbreak, up to 50 of them have been hospitalized, and two have died.
The price of food items has increased due to the decreased production capacity and restrictions on the supply
chains after the COVID-19 outbreak. For instance, the price of bread, which is the staple food for low income
households, has increased up to 50 per cent in some parts of Iran. According to the telephone survey conducted
by the Iranian Students Polling Agency between 5-8 April, 64.4 per cent of 1,028 respondents replied that they
need government aid to make ends meet. The Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) has implemented a livelihood
project to help the most vulnerable people. So far, 500,000 people in 15 provinces, who have no income and
support, have received food parcels under the project. To meet the increasing demands, the IRCS is looking for
resources to implement further livelihood projects.

Humanitarian response and coordination:

WHO has delivered a second shipment of medicines for COVID-19 to the Solidarity Clinical Trial, an international
study designed to discover the most effective treatments for COVID-19. The study will be conducted at 29
hospitals in 16 provinces. The WHO shipment also includes 100,000 laboratory tests.

On 6 May, an arrival of a shipment of medical supplies from France was announced. The shipment is the seventh
medical shipment delivered to Iran through the Sarisso border with Turkey.

On 7 May, Iran received 1.8 metric tons of medical items through UNHCR Iran. The medical items contain
life-saving personal protective equipment (PPE) which will assist health workers and humanitarian service
providers in assisting refugees and the host community. This complements the first shipment with some 4.4
metric tons of PPE and essential medicines that arrived on 23 March.

With the financial support of the Government of Japan, Iran has also received fifth shipment of PPE from UNICEF.
Around 36 metric tons of the PPE will be distributed to protect the health personnel in the frontline of COVID-19
response across the country. In all, the UNICEF has so far provided Iran with 63 metric tons of PPE. The air freight
costs of this shipment have been waived by Qatar Airways.

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